About Turks & Caicos
The Turks and Caicos Islands are a British Overseas Territory consisting of two groups of tropical Islands in the West Indies, the larger Caicos Islands and the smaller Turks Islands. It consists of 40 Islands and cays, eight of which are inhabited. The Islands are located 550 miles southeast of Miami, Florida, just below the Bahamas chain and just to the east of Cuba and the Island of Hispaniola (Dominican Republic and Haiti.) Technically, the Turks and Caicos are located in the Atlantic Ocean, not the Caribbean Sea. The Turks and Caicos economy is based on tourism, offshore financial services, and fishing. The Islands are home to roughly 30,000 full time residents, and welcome more than 200,000 tourist annually. The US is the leading source of tourists, accounting for more than three-quarters of the 175,000 visitors that arrived in 2004. Major sources of government revenue also include fees from offshore financial activities and customs receipts.
The average temperature ranges between 85 and 90 degrees (29-32 degrees celsius) from June to October, sometimes reaching the mid 90's (35 degrees celsius), especially in the late summer months. From November to May the average temperature is 80 to 84 degrees (27-29 degrees celsius). Hurricane season runs from June 1 to November 30th.
Turks & Caicos Map
Location: Caribbean, two Island groups in the North Atlantic Ocean, southeast of The Bahamas, north of Haiti. It consists of about 40 Islands (eight inhabited)
Area: total: 430 sq km
land: 430 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Coastline: 389 km
Climate: tropical; marine; moderated by trade winds; sunny and relatively dry
Natural hazards: Lies in the middle of the hurricane belt and subject to severe storms from June to October; occasional flooding; periodic droughts
Population: 30,000
Ethnic groups: black 90%, mixed, European, or North American 10%
Religions: Baptist 40%, Anglican 18%, Methodist 16%, Church of God 12%, other 14% (1990)
Languages: English (official)
Terrain: low, flat limestone; extensive marshes and mangrove swamps
Natural Resources: spiny lobster, conch
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school
total population: 98%
male: 99%
female: 98% (1970 est.)
Judicial System: based on laws of England and Wales, with a few adopted from Jamaica and The Bahamas
Government type: overseas territory of the UK
Capital: name: Grand Turk (Cockburn Town)
geographic coordinates: 21 28 N, 71 08 W
time difference: UTC-5 (same time as Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins first Sunday in April; ends last Sunday in October
Economy - overview: The Turks and Caicos economy is based on tourism, offshore financial services, and fishing. Most capital goods and food for domestic consumption are imported. The US is the leading source of tourists, accounting for more than three-quarters of the 175,000 visitors that arrived in 2004. Major sources of government revenue also include fees from offshore financial activities and customs receipts.
GDP by sector: agriculture: 3.1%
industry: 19%
services: 77.8% (2005)
Industries: tourism, offshore financial services
Electricity: 110 V, 60 Hz, A, Type J may exist in some hotels
Currency (code): US dollar (USD)
Credit Cards: Most credit cards are accepted and banks offer ATM's as well as cash advances on credit cards. Tipping is normally paid to waiters, taxi drivers, maids and porters at 15%
Sales Tax: No sales tax or VAT.
Telephone system: general assessment: fully digital system with international direct dialing
domestic: full range of services available; GSM wireless service available
international: country code - 1-649; the Americas Region Caribbean Ring System (ARCOS-1) fiber optic telecommunications submarine cable provides connectivity to South and Central America, parts of the Caribbean, and the US; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)